Shortwave Radiogram 1 April 2018 / MFSK32/64

Welcome to program 41 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I’m Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today’s program, in MFSK32 except where
noted:

1:35 Program preview (now)
2:46 MFSK64: Happy Dyngus Day! What is Dyngus Day?*
8:24 MFSK32: Australia plans lasers to destroy space junk*
14:52 The great Pacific garbage patch*
19:49 SSTV from the International Space Station*
24:44 Image* and closing announcements
27:37 Surprise mode

* with image

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This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64 …

From the South Bend (Indiana) Tribune:

Drink Up: Polish brandy booms on Dyngus Day

Jake Brown
29 March 2018

Long-standing ethnic celebrations aren’t without their
traditions.

Dyngus Day, the Polish holiday that falls one day after Easter,
is no exception. Devotees flock to bars and social clubs for a
mixture of traditional Polish foods, alcohol and dancing.
Politicians descend on places such as the West Side Democratic &
Civic Club in South Bend, eager to make a speech and press the
flesh.

All this is done over the din created by big crowds and music,
sometimes live, to which people polka. South Bend does it like
few other cities.

“The day also is big in Buffalo, N.Y., and in some other
communities,” longtime Tribune columnist Jack Colwell wrote in
2007. “Nowhere is it celebrated just the way it is in South
Bend.”

Beer is often the go-to drink for those inclined to celebrate
with booze in hand.

Domestic offerings such as Budweiser, Bud Light, Miller Lite and
Coors Light take center stage. They’re easy drinking and can be
consumed in volume. Drewrys, a beer brewed locally into the early
1970s then briefly brought back to life a few years ago, has been
popular in the past.

Yet there is another, lesser-known alcohol that powers Dyngus Day
celebrations.

In some bars, it might collect dust. But to the establishments
that brim with patrons on Dyngus Day and cater to the Polish
community in general, there is no mistaking its importance.

Everybody within that sphere knows about jezynowka, a
blackberry-flavored brandy.

“It was for any event,” Stella’s Crumstown Tavern owner Marcia
Rathwick says. “You always had a bottle at the house. It’s best
cold. I believe so. It was always in the fridge.”

Jezynowka – often shortened to just “jez” and pronounced “yazh” –
is the Dyngus Day spirit of choice, without question. Proof is in
the consumption.

Rathwick says Stella’s goes through about a bottle each week, on
average. She’ll have six or so on hand for Dyngus Day.

The nearby Crumstown Conservation Club gears up in a serious way.
Dyngus Day celebrations at the club begin about 7 a.m. with folks
lined up outside the door in hopes of scoring a prime spot
inside. Shortly thereafter, the shots of jezynowka start flowing.

Annette Wise, bar manager and secretary on the Conservation Club
board, says she ordered four cases of the liquor for Dyngus Day.
She expects to go through every bit of it by the time the club
closes up for the day.

“We carry it all year round down here,” Wise says. “Down here,
it’s used for any type of celebration – birthdays, weddings, they
use jez. Any time they celebrate, it’s a shot of jez, especially
in the Polish community.”

The unfamiliar might be wondering: What, exactly, does it taste
like? Let the veterans be your guide.

“You ever had Robitussin?” Julie Brown, a longtime bartender at
Stella’s whose father always kept a bottle around, quips.

“It tastes like Vicks Formula 44 if you ask me,” Wise says.

Cough syrup comparisons, admittedly, aren’t the most flattering.
The brandy is fruity and smooth. It does, in fact, coat the
throat like cough syrup. Most would admit it’s an acquired taste.
That doesn’t keep jezynowka from having its fans.

“I like the flavor,” Rathwick says. “A lot of people are like,
‘How can you drink that stuff?’ I don’t think it’s that bad. I
like it. But it’s not something you sit around and drink every
day. You’re not like, ‘Hey, I’m going to go to the bar for some
jez. Want to come?'”

One more thing about jezynowka: It’s almost exclusively taken as
a shot.

Rathwick says she’s seen it mixed in the past with Southern
Comfort to make a concoction called “Wyoming wobbling water.” In
recent years, some customers have mixed it with Red Bull, the
energy drink, to create a jezynowka bomb. Hunters might sip it
when they’re out on a cold morning.

But for the most part, it’s taken straight and quick, never
mixed. So if you’re inclined to give it a try this Dyngus Day,
make sure to do it as tradition dictates.

“I’ve been a bartender for 32 years,” Brown says, “and I’ve never
had anyone order it in a drink. It’s always been in a shot.”

https://www.southbendtribune.com/entertainment/inthebend/food/drin
k-up-polish-brandy-booms-on-dyngus-day/article_4de2123b-b246-50a
5-bc8f-db5105107ec9.html

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 …

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VOA NEWS

Australia Developing Lasers to Track, Destroy Space Junk

Phil Mercer
24 March 2018

SYDNEY – Australian scientists say a powerful ground-based laser
targeting space junk will be ready for use next year. They say
there are hundreds of thousands of pieces of debris circling the
Earth that have the potential to damage or destroy satellites.

Reducing the amount of space junk in orbit has been the focus of
a meeting of scientists this week in Canberra organized by
Australia’s Space Environment Research Center.

The meeting has heard that a laser using energy from light
radiation to move discarded objects in space could be ready for
use within a year. Researchers in Australia believe the
technology would be able to change the path of orbital junk to
prevent collisions with satellites. The aim is to eventually
build more powerful laser beams that could push debris into the
Earth’s atmosphere, where it would burn up.

Professor Craig Smith, head of EOS Space Systems, the Australian
company that is developing the junk-busting devices, explained
how it would work.

“We track objects and predict collisions to high accuracy and if
we think a space debris object is going to have a collision with
another space debris object then we can use our laser to change
its orbits rather than crashing into a satellite or another space
debris object causing more space debris. Again as we ramp up the
power to bigger and bigger lasers then, yes, you can actually
start moving it enough to what we call de-orbit the satellite by
reducing its velocity enough that it starts to change orbit
height and eventually hits the atmosphere and the atmosphere
takes over and drags it,” Smith said.

The system, which would operate through a telescope near the
Australian capital, Canberra, is expected to be finished early
next year. It is estimated there are 7,500 tons of trash in
space. This includes an estimated half-a-million marble-sized
pieces of junk, while other items, such as discarded rockets and
disused parts of space crafts, are much larger.

In 2012, the eight-ton Envisat Earth Observation satellite
unexpectedly shut-down in orbit, where it remains. The size of a
school bus, the satellite is one of the largest pieces of ‘junk’
in orbit and could become a catastrophic hazard if struck by
other space debris and broken into fragments.

But space debris does not have to be big to cause damage. A
floating fleck of paint is thought to have cracked a window on
the International Space Station.

In Europe, large nets and harpoons are being developed to catch
debris encircling our planet.

https://www.voanews.com/a/australia-space-debris-laser/4314349.htm
l

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From Science News:

The great Pacific garbage patch may be 16 times as massive as we
thought

Helen Thompson
22 March 2018

We’re going to need a bigger trash can.

A pooling of plastic waste floating in the ocean between
California and Hawaii contains at least 79,000 tons of material
spread over 1.6 million square kilometers, researchers report
March 22 in Scientific Reports. That’s the equivalent to the mass
of more than 6,500 school buses. Known as the great Pacific
garbage patch, the hoard is four to 16 times as heavy as past
estimates.

About 1.8 trillion plastic pieces make up the garbage patch, the
scientists estimate. Particles smaller than half a centimeter,
called microplastics, account for 94 percent of the pieces, but
only 8 percent of the overall mass. In contrast, large (5 to 50
centimeters) and extra-large (bigger than 50 centimeters) pieces
made up 25 percent and 53 percent of the estimated patch mass.

Much of the plastic in the patch comes from humans’ ocean
activities, such as fishing and shipping, the researchers found.
Almost half of the total mass, for example, is from discarded
fishing nets. A lot of that litter contains especially durable
plastics, such as polyethylene and polypropylene, which are
designed to survive in marine environments.

To get the new size and mass estimates, Laurent Lebreton of the
Ocean Cleanup, a nonprofit foundation in Delft, the Netherlands,
and his colleagues trawled samples from the ocean surface, took
aerial images and simulated particle pathways based on plastic
sources and ocean circulation.

Aerial images provided more accurate tallies and measurements of
the larger plastic pieces, the researchers write. That could
account for the increase in mass over past estimates, which
relied on trawling data and images taken from boats, in addition
to computer simulations. Another possible explanation: The patch
grew – perhaps driven by an influx of debris from the 2011
tsunami that hit Japan and washed trash out to sea.

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/great-pacific-garbage-patch-new-
size-estimates

Image: Used fishing net on a beach …

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From ARRL.org:

Space Station’s Slow-Scan Television System to be Active in April

28 March 2018

The Amateur Radio Slow-Scan Television (SSTV) system on the
International Space Station (ISS) is expected to be active in
April on 145.800 MHz (FM). The Russian segment’s Inter-MAI 75
SSTV has announced transmissions on Monday, April 2, 1505 – 1830
UTC, and on Tuesday, April 3, 1415 – 1840 UTC.

“Reviewing the crew schedule, the SSTV activity, which uses
Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) radios,
was coordinated around ARISS school contacts and is listed for
April 2 and April 3,” said NASA ISS Ham Project Coordinator
Kenneth Ransom, N5VHO.

The SSTV system, which uses the call sign RS0ISS, is also
expected to be active from April 11 – 14 worldwide to mark
Cosmonautics Day in Russia on April 12. Specific transmission
times are not yet available. Images on all dates will be related
to the Soviet Union’s Interkosmos cooperative space ventures
project.

SSTV images will be transmitted in PD-120 format on 145.800 MHz
(FM) using the Kenwood TM-D710 transceiver in the ISS Russian
Service Module. ISS transmissions use the 5-kHz deviation FM
standard. It’s possible to receive SSTV transmissions with only a
handheld transceiver and appropriate SSTV software: connect the
audio output of the transceiver or a scanner to the soundcard of
a Windows PC or an Apple iOS device. The free Windows application
MMSSTV can be used to decode the signal. On Apple iOS devices,
the SSTV app is available for compatible modes. For Linux
systems, try QSSTV.

This event is dependent on other activities, schedules, and crew
responsibilities on the ISS and subject to change. Check for
updates on the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station’s
(ARISS) SSTV blog and picture gallery.

http://www.arrl.org/news/space-station-s-slow-scan-television-system-t
o-be-active-in-april

See also:
https://ariss-sstv.blogspot.com/2018/03/sstv-opportunities-from-iss-in-
april.html

Image: The transmitted SSTV images will be related to the
Interkosmos project …

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On Shortwave Radiogram, time for one more image.

First the image, then the caption …

Sending Pic:292×326;

“One day, son, all of these perfectly good A.C. adapters, which
have long outlived the products they were originally designed
for, will be yours.”

Transmission of Shortwave Radiogram is provided by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International, http://wrmi.net

and

Space Line, Bulgaria, http://spaceline.bg

Please send reception reports to radiogram@verizon.net

And visit http://swradiogram.net

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

I’m Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave
Radiogram.


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